Ethnoveterinary Projects 
identified at the 1997 Pune conference

In November 1997, participants of the International Conference on Ethnoveterinary Medicine: Alternatives for Livestock Development compiled a list of all the projects they were aware of. The conference was held in Pune, India. Some 200 'ethnoveterinarians' attended from India and 20 countries in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas. During the conference a big world map, pins and small cards were placed in the main hall. Participants were invited to write their project information on the cards and pin these on the map where the project was located. This way information on 46 projects was pooled.

bulletBangladesh
bulletBolivia
bulletChina
bulletCongo
bulletEthiopia
bulletIndia
bulletIndonesia
bulletKenya
bulletMalawi
bulletMexico
bulletMozambique
bulletNepal
bulletPhilippines
bulletSri Lanka
bulletSudan
bulletTanzania
bulletUK

Bangladesh

Agricultural Program Faridaspur

Location: Organisation Naakhali, Bangladesh: Mennonite Central Committee (MCC)
Activity Research, field application, training, job creation & health
Staff/People served 210/7800
Species Cattle, goat, sheep, chickens, duck
Informant/other info Manik Ch. Kuri

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Participatory conservation of IK and biodiversity involved in ethnovet

Location: Organisation North Bangladesh: Centre for Environment and Development
Activity Action-research, participatory conservation and utilisation of medicinal plants, organisation and training of ethnovets and herbal doctors to produce database and document IK
Staff/People served 15/2000
Species Cattle, goat, sheep
Informant/other info M.I. Zuberi; project would like to collaborate with others and act as support source for village level projects

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Bolivia

Family-level livestock keeping in Cochabamba village

Location: Organisation Cochabamba, Bolivia: Association de Lecheres del Valle Alto (ALVA)
Activity Field application & training, recording data of family-level livestock keeping of families & projects working with different 
Species for agriculture schools & universities
Staff/People served 3/800 families
Species Cattle
Informant/other info Katrien van Hooft; book in progress

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China

Government Vet. Hospital

Location: Organisation Beijing, China: Assisi Acupuncture Ltd.
Activity Applied training of veterinarians & clients through practice
Staff/People served 5/7200
Species Dogs, cats
Informant/other info Ann-si Li

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Congo

Medicinal plants of Butembo

Location: Organisation Butembo, Congo (Dem. Rep.): University of Butembo
Activity Ethnobotanical study of vet. plants
Staff/People served 7
Species Goats, cattle
Informant/other info K. Kasonia and M. Ansay; co-operation with BUEAVV and PRELUDE

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‘Petite farme dekajeje’ clinical trials

Location: Organisation Bukavu, Congo (Dem. Rep.): AGEEP Bushi Centre BANDARISDR
Activity Clinical trials to treat East Coast fever and colibacillosis with botanical preparations
Staff/People served 4/± 100
Species Cattle
Informant/other info M. Ansay and K. Kasonia/ co-operation with BUTEMBO and PRELUDE

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Vet. plants of Butembo Bemi

Location: Organisation Butembo, Congo (Dem. Rep.): University of Butembo
Activity Research: identification, clinical trials, herbal garden
Staff/People served 7/several
Species Cattle, pigs, goats
Informant/other info K. Kasonia and M. Ansay

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Ethiopia

Traditional vet. med. in the central highlands of Ethiopia

Location: Organisation Debre Zeit, Ethiopia: Faculty of Vet. Med., Addis Ababa University
Activity Research on collection of baseline data and collection of medicinal agents
Staff/People served 6
Species All domestic livestock
Informant/other info Temesgen Samuel; collection of basic data is nearly completed, some of the agents are collected. Steps on confirmation of suspected diseases and verification of the alleged success of used practices envisioned

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Vet. Services Support Project

Location: Organisation Somali National Regional State, Ethiopia: Save the Children (UK)
Activity Complimentary EVK & modern approaches to reform state vet. service
Staff/People served n/a (is implemented via government)/2 millions
Species Camels, goats, sheep, cattle, donkeys
Informant/other info Andy Catley

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India

Evm practices in Tamil Nadu

Location: Organisation Madurai, India: SEVA
Activity Collection, documentation, and dissemination of evm practices. We also undertake field trials for treatment of infertility with herbal drugs
Staff/People served 7/50 (project recently started in the field)
Species Cattle
Informant/other info Vivekanandan and S. Murugesan

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Action research project on documenting and validating evm for use by rural communities

Location: Organisation Maharashtra, India: ANTHRA
Activity Research, field application, training
Staff/People served 6/1000
Species Cattle, buffalo, poultry, sheep, goat, pigs, camel, donkey
Informant/other info Nitya Gothge and Sagari Ramdas

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Collection, validation & recommendation of evm

Location: Organisation Zaheerabad, Medak, A.P., India: DDS – Krishi Vigyan Kendra
Activity Research, field application, training. There is no separate project on evm but we integrate collection, validation, documentation & dissemination of evm into our regular programmes
Staff/People served 1/70 villages
Species Cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep
Informant/other info Khan Shaheen Hamed; the organisation is also working on the conservation of indigenous breeds and has formed ‘Association of Deoni Cattle Breeders’

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Documentation of local health tradition

Location: Organisation Tiptur, India: BAIF Institution for Rural Development
Activity Documentation, conservation at herbal home gardens
Staff/People served 5/2000
Species 
Informant/other info G.N.S. Reddy

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Documentation of traditional animal health systems

Location: Organisation Sadri, Pali Dist., Rajasthan, India: Lokhit Pashu Palak Sansthan
Activity Research, field application, and training envisioned
Staff/People served 3/60 families
Species Camels, sheep, goat, donkey
Informant/other info Ilse Koehler-Rollefson and H.S. Rathore; conducted jointly with League for Pastoral Peoples

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Homeopathy in livestock diseases, preservation of Deoni cattle germplasm

Location: Organisation Ambajogai, Latur, India: H.E. Society Maharashtra Deoni Cattle Breeding Association, Latur
Activity Extensive use of homoeopathy in the treatment of livestock diseases; preserve and develop vanishing Deoni cattle breed
Staff/People served No paid staff/ approx. 150,000 between 1980 to 1997
Species Cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat
Informant/other info M.R. Pachegaonkar

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Identification & documentation of indigenous technical knowledge for sustainable sheep rearing

Location: Organisation Avikanagar, India: CSWRI
Activity Participatory research, testing for validation, preparation of video film for communicating tested technologies for adoption
Staff/People served 2/thousands
Species Sheep
Informant/other info Dinesh Kumar

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Neem (Azadirachta indica) promotion

Location: Organisation Pune, India: NEEM Mission
Activity To disseminate the information on neem all over the world. Supply of neem seed, oil, cake, extract for research etc.; working since 1968;
Staff/People served 1/
Species Goats, cattle, etc
Informant/other info C.M. Ketakar/published technical report ‘Utilization of neem (Azadirachta indica) and its by-products’ in 1977

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New product development based on evm knowledge

Location: Organisation Ghaziabad, India: Dabur Ayurvet Ltd
Activity Research & development (new products)
Staff/People served 14/thousands
Species Cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat, equines, poultry, canines
Informant/other info Paneesh Madan

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North Kerala Dairy Project

Location: Organisation Calicut, Kerala, India: Malabar Regional Co-Op. Milk Producers Union Ltd.
Activity Training for women
Staff/People served 2+100 women promoters/10000
Species Cattle
Informant/other info V. Padmakumar; women promoters are trained on various subjects including technical aspects of dairying, traditional animal treatment, child psychology, family relation, thrift groups, home management, micro-enterprises, women leadership, health, hygiene etc.

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Pharmacological investigation on some indigenous medicinal plants & weeds

Location: Organisation Vet. College, GAU, Anand, India: Dept. of Pharmacology, College of Vet. Sci. & A.H.
Activity Research, investigation of folklore claims (plants) for various types of Activity, e.g., antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, wound healing etc.
Staff/People served 3/
Species 
Informant/other info c/o Prof. & Head, Dept. of Pharmacology

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Scientific validation & evaluation of indigenous herbs against livestock diseases

Location: Organisation Izatnagar, India: I.V.R.I.
Activity Research and clinical trials
Staff/People served 5/Pharmaceuticals, farmers
Species Cattle, buffalo, goat
Informant/other info S.K. Dwivedi

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Alternative Vet. Med. Research Training Institute

Location: Organisation Mandleshwar, M.P., India: Shalihotra
Activity Research & training in evm (alternative vet. med.)
Staff/People served 3/33000
Species 
Informant/other info R.C. Upadhyaya

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Strengthening village healthcare

Location: Organisation Tribal areas, M.P, Bihar, Orissa, Assam, Meghalaya W. Bengal, India: Action for Food Production – AFPRO
Activity Training, documentation, field disease profile, animal production, promotion
Staff/People served 65 NGOs/1500- 2000 villages
Species All animals of smallholders in rural tribal areas
Informant/other info A.J. John; AFPRO is an NGO in India (Headquarters in Delhi + 8 Regional offices)

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Study of native herbal med.

Location: Organisation Birur Karnataka, India: Shri Christa Sharan Social Development Society
Activity Research through collecting data on herbal medicines & trying the medicines
Staff/People served 12/1000
Species Cattle, sheep, goats
Informant/other info Guruji (Fr.) Joe Mary M. Lobo/attention paid to identifying women healers and documenting their practices

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Therapeutic and analgesic effects of electro-acupuncture in dogs

Location: Organisation Anand, India: Vet. College, Anand, Gujarat 388001
Activity Research
Staff/People served 4/as many as possible
Species Dogs, cats, bovines
Informant/other info N.H. Kelawala

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Utility of indigenous medicinal plants in increasing livestock production and improving livestock health

Location: Organisation Akola, India: KVK
Activity Research
Staff/People served 6/
Species Cattle, buffalo, sheet, goat, poultry
Informant/other info R.D. Sudakar/completed project in Phyllanthus

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Zoopharmacognosy: role of primates in screening of medicinal plants

Location: Organisation Pune, India: National Institute of Virology, 20 Ambedkar Road
Activity Screening local plants through using the senses of healthy and sick monkeys; poisonous and medicinal plants can be identified this way
Staff/People served 6/
Species Animals: langur, rhesus, bonnet
Informant/other info C.G. Raut

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Indonesia

Clinical trials of plants with anthelmentic, antimycotic, and antibacterial Activity

Location: Organisation Bogor, Indonesia: Research Institute for Vet. Sci. (Balitvet) and University
Activity Study on plants with gastrointestinal anthelmintic (papaya sap & seed, Morinda citrifolia) and antimycotic activity (garlic, turmeric), field observation on ethnovet practices
Staff/People served 4/
Species Sheep, goat, chicken
Informant/other info Tri Budhi Murdiati

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Decentralisation of livestock services in eastern Indonesia

Location: Organisation North + South Sulawesi, Indonesia: Govt. of Indonesia & British Dept. for International Development
Activity Exploring alternative ways of decentralised livestock services to smallholders
Staff/People served 10/hundreds
Species Cattle, buffalo, horse, pig, poultry, goat
Informant/other info Cokro S. Leksmono/please visit website at http://www.deliveri.org 

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Kenya

Evm research & development

Location: Organisation Samburu, Kenya: ITDG
Activity Research, field application, and training
Staff/People served 4/55000
Species  
Informant/other info Jacob Wanyama; project is now setting up a multidisciplinary group to implement scientific validation and is providing consultancy services on EVK and community-based animal health care to other organisations in the region

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Pastoralists development project

Location: Organisation Northern Kenya: Consultant
Activity Sustainable development of animal production for food security
Staff/People served >75/150000
Species Camels, small stock
Informant/other info C.R. Field

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Pastoralists development project

Location: Organisation Marsabit Moyale, Kenya: FarmAfrica
Activity Field application and training of nomadic pastoralists in modern husbandry and evm
Staff/People served 25/thousands
Species Camels, goats, sheep, donkeys
Informant/other info A. T. Namanda/project uses unique strategies to reach and address vet. problems of nomadic pastoralists in remote areas

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PARC - VAC

Location: Organisation Nairobi, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan: OAU/IBAR/PARC
Activity Field application, training
Staff/People served 3/numerous
Species Goats, sheep, cattle, camels, donkeys
Informant/other info D. Akabwai; technical advice to NGOs doing community-based animal health delivery systems; implementing a cattle programme in northern Kenya

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Malawi

Use of indigenous vet. remedies in Malawi

Location: Organisation Mzuzu, Malawi: University of Malawi, Bunda College of Agricultural Research
Activity Identification, documentation, and validation of indigenous remedies
Staff/People served  
Species Cattle, goats, sheep, chickens, dogs
Informant/other info BMD Kambewa; some remedies have been identified and tried. There is need to do field application using the remedies to control ticks, fleas, worms (flukes) and Newcastle (collaborators and support needed!)

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Mexico

Empirical knowledge on animal exchange and movements

Location: Organisation Highland Chiapas, Mexico: University of Chiapas (Instituto de Estudios Indigenas)
Activity Field research
Staff/People served 2/
Species Sheep
Informant/other info Raul Perezgrovas; women's information & knowledge as the basis for new alternatives in extension programmes

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Genetic improvement of Chiapas sheep based on indigenous knowledge

Location: Organisation Highland Chiapas, Mexico: University of Chiapas (Instituto de Estudios Indigenas)
Activity Field research
Staff/People served 4/
Species Sheep
Informant/other info Raul Perezgrovas; Tzotzil shepherdesses acting as research collaborators

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Sheep diseases and their correlation to clinical tests

Location: Organisation Highland Chiapas, Mexico: University of Chiapas (School of Vet. Med. & A.H.)
Activity Field research
Staff/People served 3/
Species Sheep
Informant/other info Simon Nazara represented by Raul Perezgrovas/maladies as identified by Tzotzil shepherdesses can be correlated clinically with one or more vet. pathological entities

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Mozambique

Development of animal production in the vet. faculty

Location: Organisation Maputo, Mozambique: GTZ
Activity 1. Improve teaching 2. Elaborate a new syllabi 3. Initiate research projects and publications 4. Build up laboratory facilities and library 5. Facilitate postgraduate MSc. + Ph.D. 6. Build up a farm with demonstration and production units 7. Improve inter-institutional and international coop. 8. Build up an epidemiological and economic inter-institutional unit
Staff/People served  
Species Cattle, pig, goat, rabbits
Informant/other info Frank Otto

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Nepal

United Mission to Nepal 

Location: Organisation Pokhara, Nepal: Rural Development Centre, United Mission to Nepal
Activity Training
Staff/People served 500/
Species 
Informant/other info D.R. Bhandari, S. Gurung, and K.C. Indira/project conducts training on animal health, drinking water, agroforestry, training of trainers, and organisational development

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Philippines

Philippines acupuncture

Location: Organisation Philippines
Activity Professional practice of acupuncture. Research collaboratively with Dr. Kising of Mountain Province, Cordillera Autonomous Region, on spiritual aspects of EVK
Staff/People served 3/
Species 
Informant/other info Baldwin L. Dy

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Sri Lanka

University of Peradeniya

Location: Organisation Peradeniya, Sri Lanka: University of Peradeniya, Dept. of Anim. Sci.
Activity Teaching for agricultural and vet. undergraduate students collecting information on indigenous animal husbandry practices
Staff/People served 3/265/year
Species All Species incl. fish
Informant/other info M.N.M. Ibrahim

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Sudan

Comparative studies of evm practices of camel pastoralists in Butana

Location: Organisation Butana area, Sudan: Funded by PENHA, OSSREA
Activity Field research on recording and elucidation of several aspects of evm activities by pastoralists (mainly camel herders)
Staff/People served 
Species Camel
Informant/other info Mohamed Fadol Ahmed for Babiker Abass/the project ended in 1996

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OLS Livestock Program

Location: Organisation South Sudan: Consortium of about 12 NGOs
Activity Research, integration with community animal health project
Staff/People served numerous/even more numerous
Species Cattle, goats
Informant/other info S. Blakeway/initially slow, becoming more open + receptive, starting to collect

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Tanzania

Ethnoveterinary Development Programme

Location: Organisation Simanjiro District, Arusha Region, Tanzania: VETAID with Agricultural Research Institute, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Activity Research
Staff/People served 1 part-time staff, 7 temporary enumerators/?
Species Cattle, sheep, goat
Informant/other info Marina Martin/contact: Dr. Minja, VETAID Tanzania, email mkangareminja@hotmail.com

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UK

EVK in Scotland

Location: Organisation Scotland, UK: VETWORK
Activity Field work, research
Staff/People served 1/
Species Cattle, sheep, horses, donkeys
Informant/other info S. Blakeway/preliminary research on Gaelic EVK

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Evm in UK (specifically Scotland)

Location: Organisation Scotland, UK: Univ. of Edinburgh
Activity Proposal for research put forward - no funding as yet, background research needed urgently
Staff/People served  
Species  
Informant/other info Marina Martin

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